What you need to know to start an Organic Vegetable Garden

Are you interested in growing your own vegetables? Do you want to take control of what you eat and ensure that your food is free from harmful chemicals? If so, creating an organic vegetable garden may be the perfect solution for you. In this beginner’s guide, we will cover everything you need to know to get started with organic vegetable gardening.

Organic vegetable garden

Introduction to Organic Vegetable Gardening

Organic vegetable gardening involves growing vegetables without the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, or herbicides. Instead, organic gardeners rely on natural methods to fertilize and protect their plants. Organic gardening is not only better for the environment, but it also produces healthier, tastier vegetables.


Why Choose start an Organic Vegetable Garden?

Choosing organic vegetable gardening has many benefits. Firstly, it ensures that your food is free from harmful chemicals. Secondly, it helps to promote biodiversity in your garden. Thirdly, it is better for the environment. Finally, organic gardening produces healthier and tastier vegetables.


Choosing the Right Location for Your Garden

The first step in organic vegetable gardening is to choose the right location for your garden. Your garden should be in a spot that receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. It should also be well-drained and protected from strong winds. Additionally, you should choose a location that is close to a water source.


Preparing the Soil for Your Garden

For a healthy organic vegetable garden, you need to start with healthy soil. The most important component in soil is the organic matter, such as manure, peat moss, or compost—the latter is the best option, because it contains decayed microorganisms of previous plant life. Those microorganisms supply plants the nutrients they need. You can create your own compost pile by designating an area or bin where organic matter will decompose. Or you can buy it in bulk if you have a large garden, or use bagged compost available at garden centres and home improvement stores.

Reduce weeds by spreading a 1- to 2-inch-thick layer of mulch on the soil. It creates a barrier that prevents weeds from getting sunlight and from germinating. This mulch layer also prevents fungal disease spores from drifting onto plant leaves. Use an organic material (such as cocoa hulls, weed-free straw, or newspaper) as mulch so as it decomposes it adds beneficial organic matter to the soil.


Use an Organic Garden Fertilizer

Fertilizing your vegetables will help them grow faster and yield larger crops. Types of organic fertilizer include well-rotted manure from plant-eating critters (cows, horses, sheep, chickens) and pre-packaged organic fertilizer bought online, or at your local garden centre. You can also find a variety of organic fertilizers at garden centres and home improvement stores.

If you already have rich soil, consider skipping the application of fertilizer. Too much of a good thing can make your plants put on lots of lush, soft growth loved by pests.

Starting Your Garden from Seeds or Seedlings

You can start your garden from seeds or seedlings. Starting from seeds is more economical, but it requires more time and effort. Seedlings are more expensive, but they allow you to get a head start on the growing season.


Selecting right Seedling

If you decide to buy seedlings make sure to follow our recommendation…  Choose plants that have a healthy colour for the species with no yellow leaves. Avoid droopy or wilting leaves. When you’re shopping for transplants, gently tap the plant out of the pot to make sure the roots are well-developed and white. Avoid plants that are already budding or have flowers. If you can’t avoid them, pinch buds and flowers off before planting to ensure the plant energy stays focused on setting new roots.


Watering  Your Garden

Organic gardeners use natural methods to water and fertilize their gardens. You should water your garden deeply and infrequently, and you should use mulch and organic fertilizers such as compost or manure that will keep the moisture in the soil for longer. Consider collecting rain water – better for your garden, environment and your pocket. 


Dealing with Pests and Diseases

One of the biggest challenges in organic vegetable gardening is dealing with pests and diseases. Organic gardeners use natural methods to control pests, such as companion planting and crop rotation. To gain the full benefits of organic garden system many gardeners use animals in garden pest control – free range chickens or ducks will greatly reduce number of unwanted insects in your garden. They also use natural methods to treat diseases, such as spraying with organic fungicides.


Practice Crop Rotation

To prevent the spread of diseases among closely related plants, it is best to avoid planting them in areas where their relatives grew in the previous year or two. The tomato family (including tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, and eggplant) and the squash family (including squash, pumpkin, cucumber, and watermelon) are two of the largest families that require attention. By rotating crops to different sections of the garden, the development of diseases can be limited, and the depletion of soil nutrients can be prevented.


Create Organic Raised Beds

Raised garden beds are a preferred choice because they allow for easier maintenance without straining your back. It is recommended to keep the size of the bed small, so you don’t have to reach too far or step on the soil. If you are constructing your own raised bed, it is best to use untreated wood or concrete blocks for the walls. Additionally, lining the bottom with hardware cloth can prevent burrowing pests, such as gophers and moles, from entering the bed. Finally, fill the bed with a mixture of soil and compost for optimal plant growth.

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Storing and Preserving Your Vegetables

After harvesting your vegetables, you should store them properly to ensure that they stay fresh for as long as possible.

Root vegetables such as carrots and potatoes should be stored in a cool, dry place. Leafy greens and herbs should be stored in the refrigerator, wrapped in a damp paper towel. Tomatoes and other soft fruits should be stored at room temperature until they are ripe, and then they can be stored in the refrigerator.

If you have an abundance of vegetables, you may want to consider preserving them for later use. Canning, freezing, and pickling are all effective methods of preserving vegetables.


Tips for Successful Organic Vegetable Gardening

To be successful in organic vegetable gardening, you should:

  • Start small and choose vegetables that are easy to grow.
  • Test your soil and amend it with organic matter as needed.
  • Water deeply and infrequently.
  • Use natural methods to control pests and diseases.
  • Harvest your vegetables at the right time.
  • Store your vegetables properly.
  • Continuously learn and improve your gardening skills (we are always happy to help with any questions – just contact us).

Common Mistakes to Avoid in Organic Vegetable Gardening

Some common mistakes to avoid in organic vegetable gardening include:

  • Over-watering or under-watering your garden.
  • Choosing vegetables that are not suited to your climate.
  • Failing to test your soil.
  • Using synthetic fertilizers or pesticides.
  • Planting too many vegetables in a small space.
  • Not rotating your crops.



Organic vegetable gardening is a rewarding and fulfilling hobby that can provide you with healthy, delicious vegetables while also helping the environment. By following the tips and guidelines in this beginner’s guide, you can start your own organic vegetable garden and enjoy the many benefits it has to offer.




  1. What is the difference between organic and non-organic gardening?
  • Organic gardening involves growing vegetables without the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, or other harmful chemicals. Non-organic gardening may involve the use of these chemicals.
  1. How do I test my soil?
  • You can test your soil using a soil test kit, which is available at most garden centres. The kit will typically include instructions on how to collect a soil sample and test it for pH levels and nutrient content.
  1. What are some natural methods for controlling pests?
  • Some natural methods for controlling pests in your garden include using companion planting, introducing beneficial insects, and using organic pest control products such as neem oil or diatomaceous earth.
  1. How do I know when to harvest my vegetables?
  • The timing for harvesting vegetables will depend on the specific type of vegetable you are growing. As a general rule, vegetables should be harvested when they are fully ripe and have reached their optimal size and colour. You can consult a gardening guide or do research online to find specific harvesting instructions for your vegetables.
  1. What are some common mistakes to avoid in organic vegetable gardening?
  • Some common mistakes to avoid include over-watering or under-watering your garden, choosing vegetables that are not suited to your climate, failing to test your soil, using synthetic fertilizers or pesticides, planting too many vegetables in a small space, and not rotating your crops.

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